Second Tuesday in Advent

Second Tuesday in Advent   JOHN   MINISTRY repent  10

Scripture: Luke 3:7-18

When the crowds came to John for baptism, he said, “You brood of snakes! Who warned you to flee the coming wrath? Prove by the way you live that you have repented of your sins and turned to God. Don’t just say to each other, ‘We’re safe, for we are descendants of Abraham.’ That means nothing, for I tell you, God can create children of Abraham from these very stones. Even now the ax of God’s judgment is poised, ready to sever the roots of the trees. Yes, every tree that does not produce good fruit will be chopped down and thrown into the fire.”

10 The crowds asked, “What should we do?”

11 John replied, “If you have two shirts, give one to the poor. If you have food, share it with those who are hungry.”

12 Even corrupt tax collectors came to be baptized and asked, “Teacher, what should we do?”

13 He replied, “Collect no more taxes than the government requires.”

14 “What should we do?” asked some soldiers.

John replied, “Don’t extort money or make false accusations. And be content with your pay.”

15 Everyone was expecting the Messiah to come soon, and they were eager to know whether John might be the Messiah. 16 John answered their questions by saying, “I baptize you with water; but someone is coming soon who is greater than I am—so much greater that I’m not even worthy to be his slave and untie the straps of his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 17 He is ready to separate the chaff from the wheat with his winnowing fork. Then he will clean up the threshing area, gathering the wheat into his barn but burning the chaff with never-ending fire.” 18 John used many such warnings as he announced the Good News to the people.

Some thoughts:

     We continue on in the life of John in his adult ministry with some of the social and theological dynamics surrounding his remarkable life. For many years John had been alone in the desert. Remember he is six months older than Jesus so he’s about thirty years old at this point. He suddenly appears out of the wilderness at the Jordan River baptizing converts unto repentance, warning all of the coming day of God’s wrath. Some forty years later one aspect of his words proved true with the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD.

     In that first century, after 400 years of waiting, there was great expectation among the Jewish people that the Messiah would come and overthrow Roman rule and set up his kingdom. The Messiah was in the lineage of King David. According to God’s promise to David a thousand years earlier, one of his own descendants would be on the throne forever (2 Samuel 7:16). Israel had reached its zenith during the reign of King David and so now the Jews were looking and hoping for the coming Messiah to set up his reign and reestablish the glory days of peace and prosperity like in the days of King David. Was this strange man that person?

     Into this Roman occupied Jewish world comes this raving strange prophet saying the coming of the Messiah is near and to repent of your sin in preparation. However, the people believed that since they were descendants of Abraham they did not need this kind of repentance. As is written in the Torah, they may have been circumcised physically, but not in their hearts which was the essential point John was making (Deut 30:6). Their faith should have resulted in righteous living. Instead, their lives were far from godly. A portion of the crowd of people understood John’s message as some responded with, “What shall we do?” A hated Jewish tax collector asked the same question. Additionally, some soldiers repeated the question. John told them all to share with the poor, be honest, be content with what you have and tell the truth. Bottom line, repent of your sin. The way you are living is sinful.

     Given John’s unexpected and startling arrival and fiery message, the people wondered if he, in fact, might be the Messiah. In giving answer to their question, John pointed to the greater One who would baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire. John’s words were fulfilled with the baptism of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost when tongues of fire settled on each of those gathered. Further, while John’s baptism was with water, the Messiah’s would be with the Holy Spirit (John 7:39). Note the same fire that baptizes with the Holy Spirit is the one that burns the chaff with never ending fire at judgment (Jesus’ parable of the Rich man and Lazarus in the bosom of Abraham Luke 16:24). The writer of Hebrews reminds us that “Our God is a devouring fire” (Heb.12:29).

     What else is contained in John’s message? We should live as a reflection of a repentant life, a life lived in close relation to God. Are we even aware of the sin in our lives? Now, a naked blunt question. When was the last time you repented of your own sin? Confessing sin in a worship service is part of true worship, but I’m asking about you personally. Do we hear that voice of the Holy Spirit that says, “Dan, you just got off the path. Turn around. Repent.” John’s message is always relevant. It’s the only way for a clear conscience and peace with God.

Music: “It Came Upon A Midnight Clear” 7th Avenue


Lord God, to whom all hearts are open, all desires known, from whom no secrets are hidden, enlighten our minds by the pouring of the Holy Spirit; give us grace to know our sins, to love you perfectly, and to praise you worthily, through Christ our Lord. Amen.  

                                 ―Raccolta, from In the Presence of My Father, p.138

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